Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening
University of Texas M. Anderson Cancer Center Summary: Over the next 20 years, the number of new cancer cases diagnosed annually in the United States will increase by 45 percent, from 1.
Anderson Cancer Center. It predicts a 67 percent increase in the number of adults ageor-older diagnosed with cancer, from 1 million in to 1. In non-white individuals over the same year span, the incidence is expected to increase by percent, fromtoAccording to Ben Smith, M.
Anderson's Department of Radiation Oncology, the study underscores cancer's growing stress on the U. To conduct their research, Smith and his team accessed the United States Census Bureau statistics, updated in to project population growth throughand the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results SEER registry, the premier population-based cancer registry representing 26 percent of the country's population.
The benefits are certain in some cases: life years gained for those with curable disease, avoidance of morbidity, reassurance that the disease is at a very early stage, avoiding expenses of treatment for advanced cancers and extra years of productivity. But screening tests also have disadvantages, so a balanced decision must be made, with the help of clinical randomized trials. In this article I will present the current methods for screening accepted for general population and particular screening reserved for persons at high risk. Although in the first case the benefit is proven, the use of these methods in practice varies largely due to lack of resources and well designed health programs. Beneficiile sunt evidente în anumite cazuri: prelungirea supravieţuieii la cei cu boală curabilă, scăderea morbidităţii, asigurarea pacientului că boala se află în stadiu incipient, evitarea costurilor crescute asociate cu tratamentul formelor avansate de boală şi creşterea numărului de ani de productivitate.
Cancer incidence rates were calculated by multiplying the age, sex, race and origin-specific population projections by the age, sex, race and origin-specific cancer incidence rates. The total number of cancer cases will increase by 45 percent from 1. With respect to race, a percent increase in cancer is expected for minorities.
The rates of cancer in blacks, American Indian-Alaska Native, multi-racial, Asian-Pacific Islanders and Hispanics human trials of hpv cancer vaccine expected to begin by years end increase by 64 percent, 76 percent, percent, percent and percent, respectively.
Regarding disease-specific findings, Smith and his team found that the leading cancer sites are expected to remain constant - breast, prostate, colon and lung.
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Отступив в кабинет Стратмора, Сьюзан почувствовала, что начинает терять сознание.
However, cancer sites with the greatest increase in incidence expected are: stomach 67 percent ; liver 59 percent ; myeloma 57 percent ; pancreas 55 percent ; and bladder 54 percent. Given these statistics, the role of screening and prevention strategies becomes all the more vital and should be strongly encouraged, said Smith.
Тут вступил агент Колиандер: - Как вы приказали, мы повсюду следовали за Халохотом.
In the study, Smith and his team site: vaccinations for hepatitis B and HPV; the chemoprevention agents tamoxifen and raloxifene; interventions for tobacco and alcohol; and removal of pre-malignant lesions, such as colon polyps. These findings also highlight two issues that peritoneal cancer how long to live be addressed simultaneously: clinical trial participation and the increasing cost of cancer care.
- Prevenirea cancerului prin intermediul unor programe de screening
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Когда серебряный кубок оказался на уровне его глаз, возникло какое-то движение, и в полированной поверхности смутно отразилась приближающаяся фигура.
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Historically, both older adults and minorities have been under-represented in such studies, and, therefore, vulnerable to sub-optimal cancer treatment. Simultaneously, over the past decade in particular, the cost of cancer care is growing at a rate that's not sustainable.
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These are two issues that oncologists need to be much more concerned about and attuned to. For example, according to a workforce assessment by American Society for Clinical Oncology ASCOthe shortage of medical oncologists will impact the health care system by Smith said ASCO and other professional medical organizations beyond oncology are aware of the problem, and are actively engaged in efforts to try and grow the number of physicians, as well as encourage the careers of nurse practitioners and physician assistants who are part of the continuum of care, to best accommodate the increase in demand forecasted.
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There will not be one solution to this problem, but many different issues that need to be addressed to prepare for these changes," said Smith. Anderson authors on the study include: Thomas Buchholz, M.
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