Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation.
The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information. Interviews were colorectal cancer jama using Thematic Analysis.
Emergent colorectal cancer jama highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence. Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health.
Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources.
Although the causes of this disease are not entirely understood, it is known that several factors influence its occurrence. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include colorectal cancer jama, family history of colon polyps, inflammatory bowel disease and hereditary syndromes, smoking, obesity, sedentarism, alcohol consumption. Evidence is mounting that detecting this risk factors is a eficient way of selecting persons at high risk for colon cancer, that should undergo the screening mesures. Key words: colon cancer, risk factors, colon polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, smoking, obesity, sedentarism, alcohol consumption. Rezumat Cancerul de colon ocupă locul trei ca frecvenţă şi ca mortalitate în ţările civilizate.
The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals. Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, media 1.
The mechanisms linking dietary fat colorectal cancer jama with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen. On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al.
Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al. Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves.
However, when searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter colorectal cancer jama wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and accurate. There is an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be colorectal cancer jama.
However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about cand doare cancerul la colorectal cancer jama and were conducted some time ago.
Screeningul cancerului colorectal: ce este nou în 2019?
Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet colorectal cancer jama cancer will help understand why they hold particular beliefs about these factors.
Qualitative research enables us to capture colorectal cancer jama range of views and to explore colorectal cancer jama those views are held. Methods 2.
Based on recent epidemiological data showing an increase in CRC incidence around the age of 50 years old, the American Cancer Society made a qualified recommendation to lower the age for starting the screening from 50 to 45 years old for colorectal cancer jama average-risk individuals. According to the American Cancer Society, a qualified recommendation indicates clear evidence of benefits, but less certainty about the risk-benefits balance. Age is important, but so are several other factors, such as male sex, a relative with CRC, high BMI, the metabolic syndrome, cigarette smoking, diet, inflamatory bowel disease, and the use of certain medications. In this context, whether to begin the screening at 45 or 50 years old seems relatively unimportant when compared to using the individual patient risk for CRC, the most adequate attitude being a personalized recommendation for screening. The objective of screening is to reduce the CRC incidence and mortality.
This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group. Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus.
Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to take part that might have otherwise been put off by a lack of flexibility around time e. A qualitative methodology was chosen because colorectal cancer jama were not seeking to test a hypothesis, but rather to obtain a rich source of information to better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes colorectal cancer jama this population Holliday, During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions.
We aimed to recruit until it was felt colorectal cancer jama saturation had been reached. Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim.
A topic guide Figure 1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship colorectal cancer jama diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis. This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle factors and cancer. Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no substantial changes were required.
- Factorii de risc ai cancerului colorectal
Сотрудников же лаборатории безопасности им приходилось терпеть, потому что те обеспечивали бесперебойную работу их игрушек.