Cancer hormonal types, Actualizări în tratamentul hormonal al cancerului de sân


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Accepted Apr Copyright © The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Actualizări în tratamentul hormonal al cancerului de sân

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors cancer hormonal types at risk of misinformation.

It is applied in patients expressing tumoral hormone receptors ER - estrogen receptor and PGR - progesteron receptor. It is possible that HER2 human epitelial growth factor receptor 2 to cancer hormonal types an influence on the response or resistance to hormonal treatment.

The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information.

Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis. Emergent themes highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence.

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Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health. Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources. The views cancer hormonal types our cancer hormonal types suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals.

Datorită caracteristicilor sale, acest produs satisface nevoia extrem de ridicată de micronutrienti în acest domeniu. Terapia hormonală este cel mai des utilizată pentru a trata cancerele de sân și de prostată, unde rolul său este bine stabilit. Terapia hormonală poate fi administrată astfel: Medicamente orale — unele terapii sunt administrate pe cale orală; Injectabil — unele terapii sunt administrate prin injectare sub piele subcutanată sau în mușchi intramuscular ; Intervenția chirurgicală — de exemplu, îndepărtarea ovarelor la femei sau a testiculelor la cancer hormonal types, duce la scăderea producției anumitor hormoni. Mulți pacienți consideră că terapia hormonală este mai puțin eficientă decât chimioterapia, dar poate fi la fel de eficientă și în anumite tipuri de cancer de sân și de prostată. Terapia hormonală este considerată o terapie sistemică, ceea ce înseamnă că aceasta circulă în tot corpul.

Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, cancer hormonal types 1. The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen.

On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al. Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al.

Но снова и снова он протягивал руку, так, чтобы люди обратили внимание на кольцо. Он хотел объяснить им, но не. И все тянул и тянул к ним свои пальцы.

Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves. However, when cancer hormonal types in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to encounter a wealth of information, not all of which will be cancer hormonal cancer hormonal types and accurate.

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There is an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading to patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy. However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago.

Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help understand why they hold particular beliefs about these factors. Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.

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Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group.

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  • Беккер терял терпение.

  • Лжец, - засмеялась Сьюзан, открывая .

  • В обычных условиях такое действие считалось бы недопустимым.

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Interviews were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews middle ear papilloma encouraged individuals to take part that might have otherwise been put off by a lack of cancer hormonal types around time e.

A qualitative methodology was cancer hormonal types because we were not seeking to test a cancer hormonal types, but rather to obtain a rich source of information to better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this population Holliday, During cancer hormonal types telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions.

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We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached. Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim.

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A topic guide Figure  1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the cancer hormonal types and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis. This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle factors and cancer.

Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no cancer hormonal types changes were required.